To be successful readers and writers, our students need to learn about the relationships between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language (graphophonics). As they are learning to read and write, children learn about matching letters with likely sounds, and matching sounds with likely letters.
- to see the difference between letters (e.g. b is different to d),
- to link single letters (m) and clusters of letters (ch, ing) with the sounds they can represent,
- to take words apart while reading (e.g. c-at),
- to work with larger chunks (e.g. st-art-ed not s-t-a-r-t-e-d),
- to use known words and word parts to get to unknown words (e.g. sunflower, play / away),
- some letter combinations can be said different ways (e.g. cow / know),
- there are ‘rules’ that sometimes help to solve a word (e.g. the final e sometimes changes how we say the vowel- hid / hide).
- to hear and record sounds in words (i.e. hear the sound, know the letter(s) to match the sound, and know how to write the letters),
- to hear sounds buried in words (e.g. The parts of c-a-t are quite easy to hear. The parts of milk are harder to hear.),
- to use known words and word parts to solve new words (e.g. play sounds like day),
- our language has many inconsistencies. (e.g. rhyming words that do not look alike- blew, glue, shoe, through, who, too).
This excellent 7 minute YouTube video from ReadingRecoveryNCA shows some students learning to match sounds and letters as they are reading, writing and using magnetic letters. Click on the picture to view the video.