Vowels (a e i o u) can be said different ways, e.g. a can have the short sound like it has in catch or it can have a long sound like it has in made. Sometimes the student will need to try more than one way of saying the vowel within a word, before he or she can hear something that would make sense, e.g. The boy was on a bike. At first the student might say bik. If you ask what other sound i can have, your child is prompted to try something else that can lead to successful word solving.
apple – ape, elephant – eagle
(the e in egg is easier to hear than elephant)
igloo – icecream, octopus – oval